Today I’m glad to take you come back history of Viet Nam. We’re Historical museum. There are 12 rooms in there, each of room is appropriate to a period of history, from primitive period to late Nguyen dynasty.
I hope you will understand more about Vietnam history as well as Vietnamese.
Firstly, I’m going to introduce to you something interesting in three rooms first, from primitive period to The Bach Dang victory 938.
The primitive period in Vietnam is demonstrated in room number 1. This was the first social regime in human society.
Base on many fossil vestiges, archeologists said that the first men settled in Vietnam about 500,000 years ago. They lived in many places such as Lang Son, Yen Bai, Thanh Hoa, Dong Nai…They just lived on gathering fruits, vegetables and used some pebble implements for hunting.
Step by step, the ancient’s life became better. And about 10,000 years ago, they transferred from gathering to cultivating economy. They lived in bigger groups, moved from mountain to delta. Especially, finding fire marked an important change in primitive man’s life. Beside that, they knew planting, making stone tools to hunt, making pottery and jewelry, having their own religion…The most developed cultures in this period were Hoa Binh, Ba Son, Dong Nai…These cultures became more civilized and developed in Metal Age.
We move to the second room with Hung Kings period which was famous for Hong river civilization, Sa Huynh culture, Dong Nai culture…
In Hung Kings period the ancients knew using bronze to make weapons. Many small groups gathered into a big community. Three biggest communities were the civilization of Hong river in the North and the North area of the Centre in Vietnam, the culture of Sa Huynh in the Middle East of central Vietnam; the culture of Dong Nai in the East area of the South Vietnam.
These cultures produced many highly original productions. For example, Sa Huynh culture had burial jars, jewelries of glass, precious stones. Dong Nai culture typically had bronze weapon. Hong river civilization’s time corresponded with Hung Kings’ period of Van Lang nation, An Duong Vuong King of Au Lac nation. The most typical production was Dong Son bronze drum.
Vietnamese people still worship Hung King as a founder of the nation still today and 10th of March lunar calendar is a anniversary day of Hung King.
Tale of Trong Thuy and My Chau (Vietnamese most tragic of love )
There is a tale names Mi Chau & Trong Thuy. It explains about the collapse of Au Lac nation. Trieu Da was the king of the South China Sea. He wanted to occupy the Au Lac nation ruled by An Duong Vuong. But he had failed continuously. After that, Trieu Da pretended wanting to make friend with An Duong Vuong, sent his son to Au Lac in order to get marriage with the princess. His deep plot was that finding out the reason why Au Lac was too powerful for him to defeat. My Chau was the daughter of An Duong Vuong. She loved Trong Thuy so much, was so trusting him that she told him about the magic crossbow which was the precious object help Au Lac cope with its enemies. Then Trong Thuy had exchanged a fake crossbow for the true one and gave it to his dad. Finally, Trieu Da occupied the Au Lac. Very Sadly, Trong Thuy and My Chau died.
Bach Dang battle:
In 938, Ngo Quyen expelled completely the Chinese aggressor on the historical Bach Dang river, ended 1000 years domination by northern invaders, began the era of the freedom and independence for Vietnamese. (You can see model in there : left side is Vietnamese army, and right sight is Chinese army – Nam Han army. Ngo Quyen took advantage tide in order to create spike-traps. When high-tide, spike-traps would be discovered. Because Chinese ships were big, it was difficult to them to escape those spike-traps when low-tide and the result was that their ships were stroked by spikes in the river…)
In sum, Viet Nam from primitive period to The Bach Dang victory 938 spent many ups and downs but Vietnamese always keep themselves patriotism, valiance, solidarity, never submit to difficult circumstances. And in the next part, I’ll present to you the next period of Vietnam history and you”ll realize those things clearly.
Junior Guide Class (Tường Vi-Nguyên Vũ-Lê Thị Hạnh)
Source: Museum of history in HCM city.